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Ovarian Cancer

About the Department

A woman’s reproductive system comprises of two ovaries, one on either side of the uterus, located low down in the stomach and connected to the womb. The ovaries are small organs, about the size of an almond, which helps in the production of the eggs or ova. It also produces estrogen and progesterone hormones too.

The ovary also contains cells and if these cells start to multiply abnormally, losing total control over this division, may result in forming a tumour and ultimately lead to ovarian cancer.

Only 20% of ovarian cancer patients have been diagnosed in the early stages of the condition. If detection happens in the early stages where the disease is restricted to the ovary only, then there are more chances of the treatment being successful. However, in the majority of cases, ovarian cancer is evident at an advanced stage when it has proliferated within the pelvis and the abdomen. Treatment at this stage is difficult and may lead to a fatality.

Majority of women who are affected by ovarian cancer have probably gone through menopause and are usually over the 50 age mark. This is one of the most common types of cancer affecting women.

With world-class facilities at the Fortis Bannerghatta, the Department of Ovarian Cancer has joined hands with top-class ovarian cancer specialists offering its patients top of the line diagnostics, using advanced techniques in medicine and a 360° approach to patient care. In consultation with your gynecologist, obstetrics, and radiologists, your ovarian cancer specialist at Fortis, will prepare your treatment plan.
At Fortis Bannerghatta, we are dedicated in our effort towards beating cancer. We realise the every woman who has been diagnosed with ovarian cancer needs our treatment as well as our compassion. By using techniques that are non-invasive as far as possible, we will closely determine your path to a speedy recovery that is best suited to your diagnosis.

Being diagnosed with ovarian cancer can be an extremely overwhelming experience for both you and your family. Thus, we offer you and your family complete emotional support and guidance that will assist you in the journey towards a faster recovery. We will schedule a series of meetings with you and your family and discuss the possible ways of patient care that needs to be imbibed in your lifestyle even after you’ve gone home. Your confidence in our pool of knowledge and experience will make us a formidable team together with the goal to help you get better as soon as possible.

Areas of Care

Ovarian cancer can be of multiple types. It is classified according to the cell that initiates it:

  • Epithelial ovarian cancer
  • Germ cell ovarian cancer
  • Stromal cell cancer

Women who have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer may be at risk of developing secondary cancers too. For example:

  • Cervical cancer
  • Fallopian Tube cancer
  • Primary Peritoneal
  • Uterine or Endometrial cancer
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease

At Fortis Bannerghatta, we strive to completely comprehend your condition and our team of experts are continuously reviewing your case providing complex suggestions. By providing you with 100% patient care, we wish to help you in your physical and emotional passage to recovery.

Symptoms & Diagnosis

Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cancers

In most cases, ovarian cancer is not detectable in the early stages as they are similar to symptoms for more common health conditions. Majority of the times, the symptoms and signs are not constant which is also a reason why many a times, women are unable to comprehend the seriousness of their health condition. Let’s look at what the early symptoms of ovarian cancer are:

- Bloating, pressure and pain in the abdominal area
- After eating, the feeling of an abnormal fullness
- Abnormal loss of weight
- Having difficulty in eating
- An increased urge to urinate multiple times
- An increase in the urination as well

There are other signs too that can point towards ovarian cancer:

- Tiredness
- Digestive disorders
- Heartburn
- Constipation
- Back ach
- Irregularities in your menstrual cycle
- Feeling pain during intercourse
- Dermatomyositis

Most women go through one or more of these symptoms at some point in their lives and they tend to come and go. If you do get these symptoms, it does not mean that you have ovarian cancer. However, if these symptoms keep persisting over a significant period of time, then you may want to consult a specialist. 

Our Diagnostic Services

Detecting ovarian cancer in its early stages is the key to successful treatment. However, in the case of this particular type of cancer, diagnosis is difficult as the symptoms may be confused with other common gynaecological conditions that most women go through. At, Fortis Bannerghatta, if your specialist feels that there is a need for further examination; he may prescribe the following diagnostic tests:

- Pelvic Examination: 

During the pelvic examination, the test will look at signs of an enlarged ovary and if there are presence of fluids in the abdomen.

- Blood Test:

The blood test will look for high levels of the marker known as CA-125.

- Transvaginal Ultrasound:

Secondary diagnostic tests may also be recommended to check if the ovarian cancer has spread to any other parts of the body. The list of tests may include:

- CT Scan:

The CT scan will assist in detecting the size of the tumour in the ovary and if the tumour is spreading into the nearby structures.

- Barium enema x-ray:

If the cancer has spread to the colon or the rectum, then the Barium enema x-ray will help to detect it.

- MRI Scan:

This will check if the cancer has spread to the spinal cord or the brain.

- Chest X-ray:

If the cancer has spread to the lungs, then the chest x-ray will help to detect the same.

- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan:

This diagnostic test is used when the specialist is unable to detect the exact position in the body where the cancer may have infiltrated. By using the radioactive glucose that the cancerous cells can absorb, it will detect the spot where the cancer has spread. 

If the specialist is absolutely sure that it is in fact ovarian cancer, he may request a third round of diagnostic testing that may include:

  • Laparoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Genetic testing if the specialist suspects epithelial ovarian cancer

During the diagnostic testing phases, you are free to ask any questions regarding your diagnosis and discuss your route of treatment with your specialist at Fortis.

Treatment Options

Your cancer specialist at Fortis will draft your treatment plan depending on what stage your ovarian cancer is and if it has spread to any other parts of the body.

- Treatments:

- Surgical Therapy

  • Hysterectomy
  • Sentinel node mapping
  • Salpingo-oophorectomy

- Radiation Therapy

  • Intensity modulated radiotherapy
  • Brachytherapy / localized therapy

- Medical Therapy

  • Chemotherapy
  • Intraperitoneal (IP) Chemotherapy
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Investigational treatments, including PARP inhibitors, immunotherapies, such as dendritic cell therapy, and ovarian cancer vaccines

- Genetic Counselling:

- Knowing and Managing Your Risk for Ovarian Cancer

  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Management
  • Surgery
  • Oral contraceptives
  •  Cancer Treatment

At Fortis Bannerghatta, we solicit equal participation from you and your family members whilst determining your treatment plan. We will lay all options in front of you, so that you can make an informed decision. 

Our Team That Cares

At Fortis, we focus on one goal, that is, your health and providing you with a remedy. With our panel of top-class oncologists, we will use the latest technology and advanced therapy options available to us to curate the best treatment tailored to the betterment of your health conditions.